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Premarital checkup: What it is and why it matters

The venue, guest list, and outfits are some of the many decisions that couples have to make when planning a wedding. But one important aspect that many people overlook is ensuring that they are clinically healthy. And a health checkup before marriage can do just that.

Premarital checkups, or premarital health screenings, should be an essential part of family planning. However, not all couples understand the importance of getting one before tying the knot. In this Pacific Prime Thailand article, we look at what a premarital checkup is, and why it matters.

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What is a premarital checkup?

Infertility is a condition where getting pregnant is not possible despite frequent unprotected intercourse for a year or more – and more common than you’d think. 1 in 8 couples are affected by infertility in the US alone. Couples who are looking to get married and conceive within the next few years should go for a premarital checkup to check fertility and other issues that could affect family planning.

A premarital checkup involves similar tests to routine health screenings, along with some additional ones. The additional tests help detect fertility and health complications, as well as hereditary defects. The reason why premarital screenings are so important before starting a family is that some people are not aware of the health complications or genetic disorders they may have, especially if they do not experience the common symptoms.

Getting a health screening before marriage will ensure you’re physically ready for the next stage of your life. It’ll also provide you with enough time to discuss and deal with your issues before you tie the knot.

Benefits of premarital checkups

Premarital checkups are an integral part of proper family planning for all couples. While couples often view fertility tests negatively, the results are usually positive. By opting for premarital checkups and fertility tests, couples can avoid numerous problems beforehand and start their marriage with peace of mind.

There are several benefits of premarital checkups, including:

  • Evaluating the couple’s readiness for children
  • Identifying potential problems or health-related conditions that could affect pregnancy and the fetus
  • Increasing fertility through a proper treatment plan
  • Pre-planning for alternative measures, such as surrogacy or IVF

What tests are necessary before marriage?

Before a comprehensive premarital checkup starts, an ob-gyn will take both parties’ medical history and any relevant health information. While the bride and groom typically undergo different tests, screening tests for couples include:

  • General health assessment
  • Blood tests
  • Gynecological exam

General health assessment

General health assessments help to evaluate the couple’s overall health status. Assessment typically includes:

  • Weight
  • Height
  • Blood pressure
  • Respiratory functions
  • Cardiovascular functions
  • Breast examination
  • Abdominal examination

Blood tests

Blood tests can help detect any signs that could result in abnormal conditions. When it comes to premarital checkups, these tests include:

  • Blood test group
  • Serological test
  • Underlying diseases, such as hypertension and diabetes
  • Inherited diseases, such as thalassemia

Gynecological exam

Gynecological examinations assess the health of a woman’s reproductive system. The general exam typically uses a speculum to look at the cervix and vagina. These exams help detect gynecological conditions and abnormalities that could impact the chances of pregnancy. Additionally, specialized procedures like pap smears are used to detect cervical cancer.

Premarital checkups for women

Women who would like to conceive in the future should also undergo additional tests. Women are most fertile between the ages of 18 and 35. After that window, their fertility begins to decline. Premarital checkups can help detect abnormalities affecting fertility, as well as improve the chances of pregnancy.

Vaginal ultrasounds are often recommended to check a woman’s reproductive system before getting pregnant. The imaging scan provides a clear look at the reproductive organs, making it easier to detect abnormalities and causes for concern.

Risks of ignoring premarital checkup

Various health-related issues may arise if a couple skips a premarital checkup, such as:

  • Wasted time and money spent on treating fertility issues that could have been detected and treated earlier
  • Lack of proper pregnancy planning
  • Extreme stress and anxiety during pregnancy due to lack of preparation and planning
  • Increased risk of developing serious complications during pregnancy (e.g. anemia, diabetes, and thyroid disorders)
  • Fetal complications (e.g. miscarriage and premature labor)

However, problems are not only limited to health, since couples may experience challenges in their personal life and relationships like:

  • Post-marriage problems: Failing to get fertility tests can harm the bond between partners. In some cases, negative results during a premarital test may cause the wedding to be called off. Avoiding the tests entirely, on the other hand, may ruin even the greatest marriage.
  • Unnecessary costly treatments: Couples who are uncertain about fertility may be misguided toward expensive treatments. Oftentimes, couples are not informed about their fertility when taking part in various costly treatments. These treatments end up being ineffective, and can even result in serious health problems for some.

Even though couples look forward to being married, many are uncomfortable with the idea of premarital checkups. However, these tests are an important part of overall health. While you may want to skip a health screening before marriage, doing so could lead to a happy married life between two healthy partners – and who doesn’t want that?

How Pacific Prime Thailand can help

Since health insurance providers cover different tests according to their policies, you’ll have to check what your options are. It’s best to contact your insurance provider or broker beforehand to inquire about your coverage and next steps.

Looking for health insurance, but don’t know where to start? As a reputable broker, Pacific Prime Thailand is here to help. Whether you’re looking for pregnancy planning, maternity health insurance, or travel insurance, we compare health insurance plans to ensure you get the best one for your needs and budget.

Contact us to get impartial insurance advice or a free plan comparison today.

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Content Creator at Pacific Prime Thailand
​​Jantra Jacobs is a content writer at Pacific Prime. On a typical workday, she writes and edits articles, guides, and anything else word-related. She loves creating content that is both easy to understand and enjoyable to read.

In her free time, she’s likely to be writing poetry and prose, geeking out on her latest interests, reading, or practicing yoga.